Chotara

Familia pana ya kichotara ya Afrika Kusini ikionyesha tofauti katika rangi ya ngozi na nyinginezo.
Barack Obama, rais wa Marekani (2008-2016) ni chotara, kwa sababu baba yake alikuwa Mjaluo wa Kenya na mama alikuwa na asili ya Ulaya.

Chotara (kutoka Kihindi) au shombe ni kiumbe hai ambacho kimetokana na makabila zaidi ya moja ya spishi yake. Kwa mfano, binadamu ambaye alizaliwa na baba Mzungu na mama Mwafrika anaitwa hivyo.[1]

Katika lugha mbalimbali kuna majina maalumu kwa aina za machotara: kwa mfano katika Kihispania kuna Mulato, zambo na mestizo, katika Kireno kuna mulato, caboclo, cafuzo, ainoko na mestiço.

Pengine sensa zinauliza asili ya wakazi, zikiacha nafasi ya kutaja asili zaidi ya moja.

Tanbihi

  1. "Not surprisingly, chemomedical scientists are divided in their opinions about race. Some characterize it as 'biologically meaningless' or 'not based on scientific evidence', whereas others advocate the use of race in making decisions about medical treatment or the design of research studies." Lynn B. Jorde; Stephen P. Wooding (2004). "Genetic variation, classification and 'race'". Nature Genetics 36 (11 Suppl): S28–S33. . . http://www.nature.com/ng/journal/v36/n11s/full/ng1435.html. citing (April 1997) An apportionment of human DNA diversity 94, 4516–4519..

Marejeo

  • Multiracial Children. American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry (October 1999). Iliwekwa mnamo 2008-07-14.
  • Freyre, Gilberto (1946). The Masters and the Slaves: A Study in the Development of Brazilian Civilization. New York: Alfred A. Knopf. ISBN 0-520-05665-5. OCLC 7001196. 
  • Joyner, Kara; Kao, Grace (August 2005). "Interracial Relationships and the Transition to Adulthood". American Sociological Review (American Sociological Association) 70 (4): 563–81.
     . http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/asoca/asr/2005/00000070/00000004/art00002. Retrieved 2008-07-14.

Viungo vya nje

Asasi za kutetea haki za binadamu
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